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which cheese is used in pizza

which cheese is used in pizza

[4], Some consumers prefer pizza cheese with less browning, which can be achieved using low-moisture part-skim Mozzarella with a low galactose content. [27], Analogue pizza cheeses may be formulated for processing with less sophisticated cheese-making equipment than is required for Mozzarella cheese, such as using simple mixing and molding. His articles have appeared on numerous home and garden sites including GoneOutdoors, TheNest and eHow. [39] Research published in Dairy Industries International suggested that denatured whey proteins increased moisture retention, but that the improvements were very slight and not economically worthwhile relative to the minor improvements. [1] A diverse variety of processed pizza cheeses are produced, including analogue cheese. Some cheeses are used for their appearance as much as their culinary value. He was educated at Memorial University of Newfoundland and the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology. Feta, which melts poorly, is often diced or crumbled across pies for visual effect. [38][nb 1] Some varieties derived from skim mozzarella variants were designed not to require aging or the use of fermentation starter. [31], Manufacturers and academics have conducted studies and experiments in an effort to improve the stretchiness, melting characteristics, browning, fat content and water retention of pizza cheese. Those industrial mozzarellas have low moisture content, making them easier to shred in volume. [26] A study by Perry et al. How the test works. They may lack in a fusion, or melting together of the shredded product when cooked, in which the cheese gels together. [1] Cheddar may be mixed with Mozzarella to preserve chewiness. Scott Wiener, a New York-based professional pizza tour guide and writer for Pizza Today magazine, agrees. [16], Globally, Mozzarella is the most popular pizza cheese. [17] However, it has been estimated that in the United States only 30% of all pizza cheese used is actual Mozzarella. Rather than bake and top 10 pizzas, I’ll take a quicker road and simply use split English muffins as my pizza crust base. [36] Vetch is a legume that has seeds which are similar to lentils. [1] The most popular cheeses used in the preparation of pizza are mozzarella (accounting for about 30%), provolone, cheddar and Parmesan. For some, no pizza is complete without it, for others, it is a match to cravings of one of the all-time greats of comfort-food. Some are eaten plain or used to wrap other foods, while others serve as a base for flavorful toppings. Interestingly, research has been done by scientists in New Zealand and Chinadetermining that mozzarella is “the best cheese … Continued It helps form the puddle of melted cheese atop your pie, but adds little to the mozzarella's stringiness. Use toppings like sliced potatoes and peppers or ham and sausage. For example, the classic Margherita pizza is basically cheese, tomatoes and fresh basil. As a semi-soft cheese, it’s the most popular choice for pizza lovers the world over. I brush each of 10 muffin halves with tomato sauce, then top with cheese. This cheese also doesn’t blister easily, making it a great cheese for any pizza. [23][24] These products are referred to as analogue (or analog) pizza cheese;[25] in the UK the term "cheese analogue" is used, making clear that it is not actually cheese. The trend of steadily-increasing production and consumption of mozzarella and pizza cheese continued into the first decade of the 21st century in the United States. [31] The heated product is then placed in packaging such as bags-in-boxes while still hot, as it is more easily handled in this state compared to when in a solid state. For example, Swiss-born Gruyere melts beautifully and has a rich flavor, making it a great choice for pizza. [32] Several patents exist for specialized varieties of pizza cheese and for its processing. [9] Leprino Foods holds patents for some specialized Mozzarella production processes that enable the quick manufacture of the product. Several studies and experiments have analyzed the impact of vegetable oil, manufacturing and culture processes,[3] denatured whey proteins[4][5] and other changes to create ideal and economical pizza cheeses. Only the most dedicated of cheese lovers know that finding the best cheese for pizza is … Ricotta cheese is typically blended with mozzarella, fontina, gruyere, or gorgonzola cheese to make a creamy base. [26] Each year in the United States, 700 million frozen pizzas are sold, three-quarters of which contain cheese substitutes. Artisanal pizza-makers sometimes make a point of using authentic Italian "Mozzarella di Bufala," made from buffalo milk. [7] In the U.S., several hundred million pounds of pizza cheese is consumed annually. [46] Some retail and commercially mass-produced frozen pizzas have cheese stuffed into the pizza crust. [26] New stabilizer systems have been developed that have helped to enable the creation of analogue pizza cheeses. [43] Other U.S. companies also mass-produce pizza cheese, which is shipped in a frozen state. The term can also refer to any type of cheese suitable for use on pizza. If there's a cheese you love, give it a whirl. A relatively small quantity, either sprinkled over the pie's sauce or tossed with the shredded mozzarella, can lend a distinct punch to the flavor of the finished pizza. [10] Others can be produced through the direct acidification of milk, which may be used in place of bacterial fermentation. Other pizza cheeses include Emmental, Romano[19] and Ricotta for calzones or as a topping. Fred Decker is a trained chef and prolific freelance writer. Mozzarella is a white/yellow cheese originating from southern Italy. [18] In 1997, it was estimated that annual production of the product was 1 million tons (2 billion pounds) in the United States and 100,000 tonnes (98,000 long tons; 110,000 short tons, 220,460,000 pounds) in Europe. [31] Casein-based Mozzarella-like imitation processed cheeses prepared using rennet are also used as a Mozzarella substitute on frozen pizzas. The mellow richness of Havarti or Monterey Jack, the sharp pungency of a Danish Blue or even the mushroom-like earthiness of a French-made Brie all have their virtues, and can be successfully incorporated into your own personal signature pizza. [1] Grated Parmesan may be added to the top of a pizza, and typically does not melt well when cooked. In previous careers, he sold insurance and mutual funds, and was a longtime retailer. [30] Some analogue types are made with casein, a by-product of milk, and vegetable oil, rather than milk fat. [42] One such product is a frozen shredded cheese used for pizza that is created in a few hours from milk. Ricotta is the typical base cheese used for white sauce pizzas. Pizza cheese frequently consists of a blend of two or more cheeses, such as low-moisture Mozzarella or Provolone. Ricotta. [11] Low-moisture Mozzarella can be formulated specifically for pizza. Best cheese for pizza. [38] An article in the International Journal of Food Engineering found that trisodium citrate, a food additive used to preserve and add flavor to foods, slightly improved the preferred qualities of pizza cheese. [47][48][49], Significant amounts of pizza cheese are used in Europe,[41][46] Australia, New Zealand[41] and the United States. [41] It has been estimated that 30% of all pizza cheese used in the United States is mozzarella. Emmental, Romano and ricotta are often used as toppings, and processed pizza cheeses manufactured specifically for pizza are mass-produced. The dried, long-aged cheeses have a concentrated cheese flavor even in their mass-produced industrial versions. [1][10] Cheese for frozen pizzas may be comminuted, in which the cheese is processed into minute granules or fragments. [29], An example of a processed pizza cheese is Provel, which uses Cheddar, Swiss, and Provolone cheeses as flavorants. Some cheeses are used for their appearance as much as their culinary value. [17] For example, a combination of Mozzarella and Cheddar may blister less when cooked compared to other combinations, because cheddar has less elasticity, while Mozzarella and provolone may brown less compared to other combinations. From tortillas to naan, pita to foccaccia, the world's cuisines offer a dizzying number of flatbreads. Whole milk mozzarella is popular in pizzas in the East and Southwest regions of the U.S., while one survey showed that Provolone was more popular on the east and west coast. Let’s gather some traditional (and not so traditional) pizza cheeses and put them to the test. [18] As of 2000, demand for the product was growing in Europe by 8 percent per year. [18] Provolone is the second most popular one. [44][45] As of 2000, Glanbia is the largest producer of pizza cheese in Europe. [1] Cheddar may be used more in the Eastern and Southern regions of the U.S.[1] Provel cheese is typically used in the preparation of St. Louis-style pizza in the U.S.[50], List of pizza chains of the United States, "Irish Dairy Board Buys Spanish Pizza Cheese Maker Luxtor", "DuPont Nutrition & Health Hurdles the Process Challenges for Pizza Cheese", "Effect of incorporation of denatured whey proteins on chemical composition and functionality of pizza cheese", "Firms unite to drive pizza cheese sales", "Manufacture of Lower-fat and Fat-free Pizza Cheese", "Pizza Preparation from Comminuted Cheese", "Permanently pizza: continuous production of pizza cheese is now a realistic proposition", "Method of baking pizza from coated frozen cheese granules", "Machine for Shredding Cheese and for Depositing the Cheese Onto Pizzas", "YUM!

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