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Alfred Matthews was the first president; the stud he founded, Waiorongamai, is still going. The American Romney fulfills these needs, and will continue to be increasingly important in both large and small commercial programs. Due to its location, geography, and isolation, it was a smuggler's paradise between the 1600s and 1800s. AFD must be measured with instruments. This flock continues to be the leader in performance indices in this country and abroad. The sheer number of Romney ewes and lambs in New Zealand make the breed not only the biggest input by tonnage to overseas and domestic wool trade, but also the major part of the country's export frozen lamb trade, as purebreds and first-generation crosses.  "Clean basis" refers to the net weight anticipated after thorough washing (see "clean yield" above); much wool moved internationally is shipped before washing as the natural oils in the fleece make it travel better. An English description of size speaks of “big sheep”—ewes, to 85 kg, rams to 110 kg, while the American breed standard calls for ewes at breeding age to be “140 lbs or more” and rams “200 lbs or more.”. Romneys produce a heavy fleece. In 1855, 60,000 Merinos had been in New Zealand, but the Romney Marsh sheep thrived more quickly, supplanting the Merino over most of the country. Henry Fell, in Intensive Sheep Management posits that the Romney is, “A breed which ha[s] all the virtues save one, that of prolificacy… will thrive happily at extraordinary densities and seems to enjoy it.” A number of large Romney flocks in New Zealand have in the last several decades achieved better than 1.7 lambs for every ewe exposed to the ram, showing much better prolificacy than Fell had observed in England. ‘The Romney Marsh and Dungeness, an area of unusual natural beauty with a sheep farming heritage, suffers from high unemployment. High AFD indicates best use in carpeting and other rugged uses; lowest AFD wools (from Merinos, for example) are ideal for fine suit fabrics and luxury wear. With the help, knowledge and expertise of top New Zealand breeders, we have designed our own 'Easicare' system.Â This along with the availability of semen has put us at the top of a very successful genetic breeding system.Â Our overriding aim is to farm profitably without any subsidy while making things as simple as possible. Legs well set, with good bone and sound feet. We run 2,000 Romney ewes, 650 hoggets, 200 Angus cows and 100 Luing cows on our 2500 acre grass/hill farm. We produce MyoMax Rams and Ewe lambs for sale Traditionally, natural-colored (or “black”) sheep were detested, as even a small amount of black fiber on an otherwise white sheep can ruin hundreds of pounds of textile. Face in ewes full, and in rams broad and masculine in appearance. In New Zealand the standard says “44s to 52s” but gives a different AFD range: 33 to 37 microns. Thighs well let down and developed. The New Zealand export lamb trade started in 1882 with a shipment aboard the Dunedin of 4,900 frozen carcasses to London's Smithfield Market. We are SFCP Flock #CT-51 and Certified Scrapie Free as of Fall 2007. The “clean yield” (net weight after thorough washing) is typically high for Romneys, 75-80%; this is a higher yield than is got for most fine-wooled sheep. The Romney breed became indigenous ie native to the Romney Marsh in c 13th century. The breeding of Romneys is not limited to England and New Zealand. Mr Hickman complained about the Association’s refusal to register his sheep in the “flock book”. The oldest Romney breed society, that of England (founded 1895), adopted the following standard in 1991, The Official Description of the typical Romney sheep is as follows: Head wide, level between ears, with no horns nor dark hair on the poll. Exported to other continents, the Romney is an economically important sheep breed, especially to the sheep-meat and wool export trades of New Zealand. Perhaps the most important dimension of wool, which above all else determines its best use, is average fiber diameter (AFD). Jun 30, 2015 - Explore Solitude Wool's board "Romney Sheep", followed by 231 people on Pinterest. The Romney is a "long-wool" breed recognized in England by 1800. The Romney, formerly called the Romney Marsh sheep but generally referred to by the local farmers as the Kent, is a breed of sheep originating in England.